Gymnura micrura. Bloch & Schneider, Synonyms. Aetoplatea Valenciennes in Müller & Henle, ; Phanerocephalus Gratzianov, ; Pteroplatea Müller & Henle, The butterfly rays are the rays forming the genus Gymnura and the family Gymnuridae. Gymnura micrura. This diamond-shaped ray is much wider than it is long, usually 3 to 4 feet wide, and its short tail lacks the ray’s usual spine. PDF | An extensive taxonomic revision of Gymnura micrura based on external and internal morphology, and considering specimens from its entire geographical .
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The foraging strategy that these rays use is dependent on the abundance of prey in their environments. The IUCN is micruga global union of states, governmental agencies, and non-governmental organizations in a partnership that assesses the conservation status of species. Generally marketed salted Ref. The tail has low dorsal and ventral fin folds and three to four dark crossbars. Biology Smooth butterfly ray: Mmicrura rays invest a large amount of energy into reproduction and only give birth to a few offspring; however, they give birth on a yearly basis.
Coloration The dorsal surface of this ray is gray, brown or light green, dotted and vermiculated with paler and darker spots. Synonyms for Gymnura micrura include Pteroplatea micrura, Raja micrura and Gymnura micura.
The tail has three to four dark crossbars. Undulation verses oscillation” PDF. These are broad diamond-shaped rays with a short tail that has low dorsal and ventral fin folds.
The smooth butterfly ray prefers neritic waters of the continental shelf and is usually found on soft bottoms. The dorsal spine on the tail is absent; therefore, no stinging can occur to harm humans. Add your observation in Fish Watcher Native range All suitable habitat Point map Year This map was computer-generated and has not yet been reviewed.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Species of Gymnura in FishBase. Uses authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonomy articles created by Polbot.
Views Read Edit View history. Smooth butterfly ray G. In the western Atlantic it occurs from Maryland to Brazil.
Short description Morphology Morphometrics Broad, diamond-shaped ray with a very short tail lacking a dorsal spine Ref. They are most commonly found in neritic waters, gymnurw are also known to enter brackish estuaries and hypersaline lagoons.
Gymnura micrura alter their swimming habits depending on where they are swimming in the water column. Broad, diamond-shaped ray with a very short tail lacking a dorsal spine Ref.
Distinct pairing with embrace Ref.
Gymnura micrura, Smooth butterfly ray : fisheries
Lower surface white Ref. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.
Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. Importance to Humans ,icrura butterfly rays are caught in minor fisheries. Denticles The skin is relatively smooth with small denticles.
Reproductive biology of the smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura.
Tail with low dorsal and ventral finfolds and 3 – 4 dark crossbars Ref. Retrieved 27 March From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Life cycle and mating behavior Maturity Reproduction Spawning Eggs Fecundity Larvae Exhibit ovoviparity aplacental viviparitywith embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialised structures Ref.
The smooth butterfly ray Gymnura micrura is a species of cartilaginous fish in the Gymnuridae family. Therefore it represents little danger to humans. Retrieved from ” https: The great hammerhead specializes in feeding on butterfly rays and is their main predator in some areas.
The front edges of the disk are concave. Reproduction Exhibits ovoviparity aplacental viviparitywith embryos feeding initially on yolk, then receiving additional nourishment from the mother by indirect absorption of uterine fluid enriched with mucus, fat or protein through specialized structures.
Geographical Distribution World distribution map for the smooth butterfly ray The smooth butterfly ray is micrurz in the western and eastern Atlantic Ocean and in the Gulf of Mexico.