Informative article about the spice Long Coriander (culantro), its botany, chemistry, history and cross-cultural culinary usage. Culantro (Eryngium foetidum L., Apiaceae) is a biennial herb indigenous to continental Tropical America and the West Indies. Although widely used in dishes . Perennial herbs, cm high, aromatic; roots tuberous; stems dichotomously branched, deeply striate. Leaves simple; lamina ca. x cm.

Author: Arashakar Dagor
Country: Eritrea
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Music
Published (Last): 6 November 2018
Pages: 388
PDF File Size: 4.24 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.22 Mb
ISBN: 743-6-80281-689-5
Downloads: 55961
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Arashile

Percentage scavenging activity was calculated using the expression:. Technology Biodiversity in India. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. The unique biological activities of essential oils have been attributed to the mosaic combination of constituents. The portal will be unavailable all day on Sunday 23rd Dec for maintenance.

Table 1 Composition of E. The leaves are febrifuge, laxative. It erynglum also be used for Thai curry pastes see coconutespecially, when coriander roots are not available.

San Juan Star, Erryngium 16, A fraction of the essential oil rich in eryngial is the ertngium of a US patent application for its effectiveness against parasitic trypanosomes, nematodes, fungi and bacteria in humans and other mammals. The appearance of culantro and cilantro are different but the leaf aromas are similar, although culantro is more pungent. Essential oil composition of Eryngiym foetidum from S.

Atlas of medicinal plants of middle America. In Asia, it is most popular in foeticum countries of the South East Asian peninsular. Equally popular is sofrito or recaitothe name given to the mixture of seasonings containing culantro and widely used in rice, stews, and soups Wilson They are more commonly used foetodum a flavouring in foods such as soups, curries, stews and rice dishes.


Composition of the leaf oil of Eryngium foetidum L. Flowers produced in treated plants were less woody and spiny and leaf-like in appearance, making them easier for pruning. Chemical composition of the essential oil of Eryngium billardieri F.

The leaves and roots are boiled and the water drunk for pneumonia, flu, diabetes, constipation, and malaria fever. Postharvest retardation of senescence in foetidhm benni Eryngium foetidum L. Shaded plants also had fewer inflorescences with lower fresh weight.

Eryngium foetidum L. | Species | India Biodiversity Portal

There is only one region where it is a common culinary herb: The reducing power of the essential oils was determined according to the method of Oyaizu [ 21 ]. Chinese herbology Herbal tea Marination Spice rub.

The effects of progibb sprays on leaf and flower growth in culantro Eryngium foetidum L. The plant is used in traditional medicines for fevers and chills, vomiting, diarrhea, and in Jamaica for colds and convulsions in children Honeychurch Assam Distribution Darrang, Dima Hasao. A very aromatic, glabrous, erect, perennial herb. Apiaceae is comprised of approximately species reputed as potential pharmaceutical crops based on their phytochemical constituents and pharmacological fodtidum [ 1 ].

A decoction of the crushed leaves is used as a treatment for children’s leprosy foettidum children’s convulsions. Eryngium comprises over tropical and temperate species Willis A popular Caribbean seasoning herb and folk medicine.

Sofrito is itself the major ingredient in a host of other recipes including eggplant pasta sauce, cilantro garlic butter, cilantro pesto, pineapple salsa, and gazpacho with herb yogurt. The root is used as a flavouring in soups.

Retrieved 21 January The Fruit are ellipsoid.

Culantro: A Much Utilized, Little Understood Herb

This was demonstrated by the oils ability to act as hydrogen atoms or electrons donor in the conversion of the stable purple coloured DPPH to the reduced yellow coloured DPPH-H. Basal leaves Photograph by: Free radicals are involved in the etiology of several degenerative ailments in humans.


Last update ertngium The relative amount of each individual component of the essential oil was expressed as the percentage of the peak area relative to the total peak area. July,Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada. While there are few reports on cultivation and fertilizer requirements for culantro, there has been considerable research on postharvest techniques for the herb.

Spice Pages: Long Coriander (Eryngium foetidum, Culantro, Mexican Coriander)

The oils are a potential source of natural antioxidant as demonstrated by their strong antioxidant activity. Publisher Kampong Publications, California. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.

Anecdotal reports mention that the foetidhm heads are attractive to ladybugs, green lacewings, and other beneficial insects. Chemical constituents of essential oil of the leaves of Eryngium foetidum from Bangladesh. Higher absorbance indicates higher reducing power. Because of this aroma similarity the leaves are used interchangeably in many food preparations and is the major reason for the misnaming of one herb for the other.

Culantro is also widely used in herbal medicines and reportedly beneficial in the treatment of a number foetldum ailments Wong Please review the contents of the section and add the appropriate references if you can.