Stargardt disease, also known as Stargardt 1 (STGD1), is an autosomal recessive form of retinal dystrophy that is usually characterized by a progressive loss of. 3 May Stargardt disease is the most common form of inherited juvenile macular degeneration. ¿Qué es la enfermedad de Stargardt? Written By. 13 Feb NO HAY CURA PARA LA ENFERMEDAD DE STARGARDT. ENSAYOS CLÍNICOS Y OTROS ARTÍCULOS ESTÁN DESCRITOS AQUÍ: Optical.

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However, ordinary retinitis pigmentosa stargradt not affect the macula. For a general phenotypic description and a discussion of genetic heterogeneity of Stargardt diseasesee The rod and cone function remained normal or nearly normal in all tested affected members up to 61 years of age.

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To understand better the shared characteristics of Stargardt macular dystrophy and fundus flavimaculatus, Armstrong et al. The mean age at onset was 7. Only emfermedad seeking to improve the quality and accuracy of information on the Orphanet website are accepted. We are determined to keep this website freely accessible. Stargardt disease is the most common hereditary recessive macular dystrophy, with an estimated incidence of 1 in 10, Blacharski, Autosomal dominant Stargardt -like macular dystrophy: Commenting on the work of Radu et al.

Longitudinal studies showed progressive increases in AF followed by reduced AF associated with losses of visual sensitivity, outer retinal layers, and cones.

The onset of symptoms occurs in adolescence, although in some cases manifestations occur in the first decade of life. Disease definition Stargardt disease, also known as Stargardt 1 STGD1is an autosomal recessive form of retinal dystrophy that is usually characterized by a progressive loss of central vision associated with irregular macular and perimacular yellow-white fundus flecks, and a so-called ”beaten bronze” atrophic central macular lesion.


Stargardt disease is a genetic illness. In 1 instance, 2 affected persons married and both of their children were affected. A dominant Stargardt’s macular dystrophy locus maps to chromosome 13q Lipofuscin accumulation, abnormal electrophysiology, and photoreceptor degeneration in mutant ELOVL4 transgenic mice: The patient’s father was heterozygous for the mutation.

Round, linear, or pisciform lesions are distributed in the posterior pole, sometimes with extension to the equator, and with macular involvement. Exclusion of chromosome 11q13 region as a genetic locus responsible for autosomal dominant Stargardt’s disease. Ueber familiare, progressive Degeneration in der Makulagegend des Auges. Median ages of onset and baseline examination were enfeermedad.

In addition, two autosomal dominant types of macular dystrophy exist that resemble STGD1: From linkage studies, Gerber et al. Fundus flavimaculatus Stargardt 1 Prevalence: In some cases, Stargardt disease can enfermeedad rapidly over a few months or gradually over several years to severe decrease in visual acuity.

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Constant right exotropia was present and was tsargardt at near than distance with a small hyper component. They found that nonsense mutations truncating the ABCA4 protein consistently led to Stargardt disease, whereas all mutations they identified in the ABCA4 gene in fundus flavimaculatus were missense mutations affecting uncharged amino acids. Preventive measures for slowing down the progression of the disease include avoidance of overexposure to visible light with sunglasses and no intake of vitamin A stragardt.

If loss of visual acuity begins in the first 2 decades, the designation Stargardt disease is preferred; if it begins later in life and has a more progressive course, the term FFM is preferred Weleber, Spectrum of ABCR gene mutations in autosomal recessive macular dystrophies.


Other than a pinguecula nasally on the right eye, the anterior segment of each eye was unremarkable. One patient with a diagnosis of juvenile macular degeneration was found to be compound heterozygous for mutations in the CNGB3 gene on chromosome 8q.

Nowadays, it does not exist a cure for Stargardt disease. Other entities represented in this entry: Can we help you? Stargardt disease had not previously been associated with mutations in the cone channel subunits.

Stargardt Disease | National Eye Institute

Acuity loss progressed with age and generally was worse in the older affected individuals. Regular ophthalmologic evaluations are recommended by ophthalmologists experienced in this disease. While the OMIM database is open to the public, users seeking information about a personal medical or genetic condition are urged to consult with a qualified physician for diagnosis and for answers to personal questions.

Diagnostic methods The clinical diagnosis is based on ophthalmological examinations consisting of visual acuity and visual field testing, ophthalmoscopy, electroretinography ERGfluorescein angiography FAenfeermedad autofluorescence FAFand optical coherence tomography OCTrevealing macular anomalies progressive atrophy often in a ‘beaten bronze pattern’ and yellow-white fishtail flecks that may present only in the central macula but may also extend beyond the vascular arcades.

Treatments Contact lenses Corneal refractive surgery: