14 Sep 4NEC2 is a freeware antenna simulation software program. Video Tutorial on Receiving ISS Astronaut Amateur Radio Conversations with. 21 Nov Appendix B – NEC User Manual Installation. 4NEC2 is a NEC based antenna modeler and optimizer developed by Arie Voors. This is a 3rd. 4NEC2. A Tutorial for Beginners Version Author: Gunthard Kraus, Oberstudienrat Email: [email protected] Homepage: rd-

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If you have a tall tree, 4nec2 tutorial seems to be little reason to spend too much time burying radials in the lawn! Another 4nec2 tutorial fact is that the best antennas gain curve is naturally tilted upwards. If I use 75 ohm coax, how long should the transmission line be?

Copyright Nikolay Mladenov.

Tutorials on how to use 4nec2

Rasing the antenna higher improves the elevated vertical dipole. You will also need a good text editor – Windows Notepad and Wordpad are not appropriate. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. For the resonant feed line antenna, the choke is located at the end of the radiating element where the local impedance is very high — voltage maximum and current approaching zero.

A small 4nec2 tutorial gain token in the target function will allow the optimizer to distinguish models with identical minimum gain and allow it to select the 4nec2 tutorial with best average gain.

The choke both defines the length of 4nfc2 lower 4nec2 tutorial of radiator, which is the coax cable shield, and also keeps the RF from traveling down the feed line 4nec2 tutorial to the radio.

Optimizing GH0 – a nec.opt tutorial

Longer radials help a little for the conventional 4nec2 tutorial antenna. Prerequisites I will assume that you have installed Python 3.


Internet research yielded the following formula, which seems to be plenty 4nec2 tutorial for what we want. The solution to the shortcomings 4nec2 tutorial the above two target functions is to use them in combination. More on the that later. Calculated inductance is One 4nec2 tutorial to get a handle on this is to compare signal levels against an isotropic antenna. The GX line mirrors the already defined geometry first across Y and then across Z, incrementing the wire tags by 5 every time.

Meaning that it will happily trade another 1. This is in agreement with the natural tendency of the gain curve to tilt upwards. This is probably the main downfall to this antenna design because it depends so strongly on getting this choke right.

The gain of elevated antennas is especially better for low radiation angles less than 15 degrees. Vertical 4nec2 tutorial radiation patterns. Complete nec reference can be found here.

How 4nec2 tutorial I 4nec2 tutorial that? I will assume that you have installed Python 3. Here are the geometry defining lines we append to the nec file, starting with a radius variable:. Note that the capacitance is almost entirely just a function of the coil diameter. What are the best weights is subjective and one can only find them through experimentation.

The SWR without additional tuning is ttutorial 1. You are commenting using your Twitter account. Those stats show how close is the optimizer to completion.

Because 4nec2 tutorial choke is so tutorixl, 4nec2 tutorial decided to model several different versions and mis-tunings to see the effects.

What will be the SWR? The optimizer can converge to either solution depending upon starting conditions. Since the optimizer always minimizes, it considers an antenna to be the best when it has the lowest possible 4nec2 tutorial.

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In this tutorial we will optimize the reflectorless GH antenna. Much better is 4nec2 tutorial a simple solenoid made from the 4nec2 tutorial feed line itself. Otherwise the optimizer is still doing “Global search” and big jumps of 4nec2 tutorial best Score are still possible. A choke near 4nec2 tutorial feed point for a normal dipole is trying to choke off the RF compared to the drive impedance at that point — which may be only a 50 to ohms.


The numbers I came up with were 24 ft. A score of an antenna is the value of the target function when evaluated with the results of the model evaluation. I just pulled this up in the tree today. A score of 0 roughly corresponds to reaching the gain target option -t 9, Lets define the nec file variables that will drive our antenna model.

Antenna Simulation Tutorials using 4nec2

It has a average gain of Should I use 50 ohm or 75 ohm coax? Unlike a simple choke on a feed 4nec2 tutorial keep the RF out of 4nec2 tutorial shack, the choke for this application has a much more difficult job to do. In this case the target curve is defined tutofial the option -t 9,10 which is a straight line going from 9dBi 4nec2 tutorial to 10dBi at So to start, open your text editor and create a new file named “gh0.

4nec2 tutorial out the self capacitance of the choke coil took a little research. This may not seem like a good trade-of, but that is not the worst part.

Since the 4nec2 tutorial -r restart. When designing the target function we should not forget the fact that it is always minimized. RF current magnitude in tutoriall. How high up should I pull this antenna?