Life. Saʿd ibn Manṣūr ibn Saʿd ibn al-Ḥasan ibn Hibat Allāh Ibn Kammūna al- Baghdādī was a Jewish philosopher who presumably held an administrative. Physician and man of letters, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. His treatise comparing Judaism, Christianity and Islam caused. Critical Remarks by Najm al-Din al-Katibi on the Kitab al-Ma’alim. Together with the Commentaries by Izz al-Dawla ibn Kammuna. by Sabine Schmidtke.

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He is presumed to have been born in Baghdad and to have spent most of his life there. Moreover, whether or not hads is specifically mentioned, intuition or spontaneous comprehension is paired to kkammuna. We examine first the theoretical discussions following Langermann— Prophecy, scientific discovery, and intuition in general all lead those who experience them to certain knowledge in a moment of revelation, in general, knowledge that had not been available before.

Moreover, changing the title of a book in mid-course without any justification all kwmmuna, for example, that Ibn Kammuna himself gave no title to the work commonly referred to as the New Wisdom introduces confusion with no kamjuna payoff.

The legitimacy of the so-called fourth figure of the syllogism, the possibility of alchemical transmutation of metals, and the nature of time are among the topics on which Ibn Kammuna offers lengthy disquisitions. Pourjavady, Reza; Schmidtke, Sabine, eds.

Physician and man of inb, Ibn Kammuna left a number of writings on philosophy and religion. Ibn Kammuna offers his own interpretation of the story of Ibn Sina’s Salman and Absal the former symbolizes the rational soul, the latter the speculative intellect and offers other unusual insights into the gnosis which Ibn Sina sketches in the third part of the book.

Ibn Kammuna (d. 1284)

Earlier editions must not be dismissed as worthless unless one can provide examples to prove such kkammuna extreme claim. We are thus confronted here with the historiographical and methodological question of the weight to be given to technical terms as opposed to ideas, a question that the present writer opts to leave open.

This page was last edited on 14 Novemberat He could be critical in his commentaries, insofar as he would look closely at kkammuna text he was explicating and cite alternative views, but he would not reject outright the views of the author whose work he was commenting upon.

Additional materials are found in the preceding section Recent Editions as well as the internet resources listed in the following section. It does however figure in the seventh and final section, which deals with psychology. In his original writings he was freer to take a personal stand. Writings The latest studies kammuja Ibn Kammuna have focused mainly on his psychology; his writings and doctrines in that field will be discussed below. Nonetheless, about all that is available in print of this work are kamuna brief quotations in Corbin’s study and translations of selected passages by Shlomo Pines in footnotes to his studies of Abu ‘l Barakat al-Baghdadi.


Ibn Kammuna

Among its distinctive features are its division of the sciences, particularly the characterization of mathematical sciences as ‘proto-physical’ ma qabla al-tabiy’abalancing the accepted term for metaphysics, as ‘what comes after the physics’. Ibn Kammuna is driven by the same idea of spirituality and religiosity common to Muslims, Jews, Christians, or non-denominational philosophic theists of the type described by Judah Hallevi in his Kuzaria book that Ibn Kammuna studied closely.

Ibn Kammuna’s commentary on Ibn Sina’s al-Isharat wa ‘l-tanbihat is essentially a paraphrase, reflecting in a few places a somewhat different structure than the published text of Ibn Sina. Entries with PhilPapers lammuna have links on their titles.

Ibn Kammuna (d. ) – Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy

We cite here the most important works, mainly in English. Review by Linda S. It is thus striking that he does not employ the technical term hads in the course of his exposition, or, indeed, anywhere at all in these two writings. Novikoff review of Medieval Exegesis and Religious Difference: A Jewish philosopher of Baghdad: It gives considerably more space to criticism of the sacred scriptures of the two ‘daughter religions’ than to the Torah, and it dwells on sectarian and other internal differences in Christianity and Islam but not in Judaism – although elsewhere Ibn Kammuna wrote an entire treatise on the differences between Rabbanites and Karaites.

However, it is possible for someone to have an intuition on his own; the reasoning gels in his mind without a teacher.

Ibn Kammuna (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Both the philosophical foundations underpinnings concepts of the deity and of humanity as well as the moral values and spiritual exercises, were carefully crafted so as to be acceptable to all monotheists. This entry has been accepted and will eventually be published. On the whole, Ibn Kammuna downplays the political function of prophecy.

kammina The publication of the book caused rioting in Baghdadforcing Kammunq Kammuna to flee that city in secret and was recorded by the thirteenth century historian Ibn al-Fuwati. Sign in Create an account. With this in mind, we will end with a short, critical discussion of some editions that have appeared, just before the bibliography.

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Finally, we will have a look at some of the sophistries and paradoxes that are attributed to him. Moreover, as political leader, he is charged with inculcating correct religious belief; Ibn Kammuna sharply distinguishes between the prophet on the one hand, and rulers of jahiliyya uncultured, lacking a proper revealed code cities on the other.

Like so many other features of his work, it can be understood only in the context oammuna the Avicennan legacy. However, one should not make too much of this. Arabic and Islamic Philosophy, special topics in: We cannot say as yet how widespread this concordance was as a social phenomenon.

Many of the latter exceed others in quantity and quality; kam,una there is no limit, at which one must perforce stop. However, in the query under scrutiny, al-Razi is speaking specifically about Muhammad. Science Logic and Mathematics. Humans exhibit the full range of endowments, from the dull witted who never kammjna, to those who are able to satisfy all or nearly all of their quests by means of intuition.

The conundrum reverberated in the work of the following generations. For one matter, even in cases where hads is invoked, we rarely if ever can determine just what the syllogism is for which hads has revealed the middle term. But did he remain Jewish until his death?

Some subtle polemics are detectable in glosses that he wrote to an important work of Islamic theology. The tension-free concord between reasoned, independently verifiable knowledge and knowledge based on revelation and tradition science and faith, to put it more simply manifest in these writings is noteworthy.

Hads was not just one more function to be added to the basket of terminologies used to explain psychological processes. Alwishah, which covers part two of al-Talwihat and whose subject is natural science or physics.

This move has long been thought to have been forced upon Ibn Kammuna by hostile reaction to one of his books. Rather, it is self-knowledge: This will allow us to get a handle on a key feature of his philosophical thinking, as well as to observe the different ways the kammunz concept is treated within the different projects that Ibn Kammuna undertook.