Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.
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Views Read Edit Felie history. WB Saunders Company, It is sometimes referred to as panleukopenia virus because one of the results of infection is the development of a low white blood cell count which is what panleucopenia means. Diagnosis can sometimes be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen.
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Panleukopenia is primarily spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids, feces, or other fomitesas well as by fleas. Like, Follow and Pin us to stay up to date with our work. Useful links Vaccinating your cat. This is often panleukkpenia in diagnosing panleukopenia. Zoonoses Cats and babies Cats and pregnancy cat health A to Z of panleu,openia and treatments Panleuko;enia stages Keeping your cat healthy cat behaviour Cat behaviour described Problem behaviour Urine spraying Soiling indoors Scratching indoors Aggression between cats Aggression to humans Over-grooming Pica in cats Feline bereavement Anxious cats Stressed cats Problem behaviour Understanding your cat Why do cats?
In a disease outbreak, unvaccinated kittens or adults can be given anti-FPV serum containing FPV antibodies subcutaneously or intraperitoneally, which may protect for 2—4 weeks. Clinical disease In kittens over three or four weeks of age and in adult cats the virus causes a very severe gastroenteritis, following an incubation period of five to nine days.
During recovery from infection, there is typically a rebound neutrophilia with a marked left shift. panlekuopenia
Disseminated intravascular coagulation may also occur, and is often fatal. J Vet Intern Med; Terminal cases are hypothermic and may develop septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation.
Feline panleukopenia – Wikipedia
Affected cats develop acute onset haemorrhagic vomiting and diarrhoea and some cats die rapidly. This page was last edited on 28 Marchat In older animals the virus replicates systemically, primarily in the primary and secondary lymphoid tissues, and also in the rapidly replicating cells of the small intestinal epithelial crypts. Extreme thrombocytopenia may also occur, and can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications.
However, fecal antigen is detectable only for a short time after infection. Neutropenia is a more consistent finding than lymphopenia. A cat diagnosed with FPV should be first of all kept in isolation.
If your cat is unwell, please seek veterinary attention.
Interferons are chemicals made in the body that can exert an antiviral effect. Treatment of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus with lyophilized canine IgG.
All about cats Getting a cat Caring for your cat Cat behaviour Cat health. Recombinant feline interferon omega or human interferon products might be of some help in the treatment of severe cases. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. When faced with an outbreak of FPV in a colony of cats, vaccinating all the cats will help, and in some countries anti-FPV serum is available that may be given to susceptible cats and kittens to help protect them by providing antibodies against the virus.
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Feline infectious enteritis FIE is a disease caused by infection with feline parvovirus FPValso known as feline panleukopenia virus. Cats infected with FPV can continue to excrete the virus for at least six weeks following infection, and the virus can also be transmitted by dogs. In neonatal animals the viruses replicate in a large number of tissues, and FPV infection of the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum leads to cerebellar hypoplasia, while CPV may infect the felone of neonatal pups, causing myocarditis.
If a cat is exposed during pregnancy, the virus can cause cerebellar hypoplasia in her offspring. How we’re helping cats Our campaigns Our welfare projects Guidance for cat professionals Improving veterinary care.
Pathogenesis of feline panleukopenia virus and canine parvovirus.
Modified live vaccines should not be used in pregnant queens or cats that are immunosuppressed and, in such cases, inactivated killed vaccines are recommended. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. However, it is not intended to be used as a substitute for going to the vet.
Common diseases of companion animals 3rd ed. The information provided here has been put together by experts in feline health, behaviour and welfare.
Feline panleukopenia virus FPValso known as feline infectious enteritisfeline parvoviral enteritis,  feline distemper,  feline ataxia, or cat plague,  is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species.
June 10—13,abstract Typically, it also causes a decrease in hematocrit and platelet counts on a complete blood count. The patients’ severe leukocytopenia predispose them to secondary infections, especially bacterial and fungal, ffline secondary viral infections also occur with some frequency.