Reported by ACI Committee Nicholas J. Carino Pl. Standard Specification ACI is intended to be used by . in ACI R, “Cold Weather Concreting. The following are highlights of requirements of APWA 30 04 – 10 and ACI R Standards concerning placement of concrete in cold weather conditions . 14 Jan ACI Section states, “Take advantage of the opportunity provided by cold weather to place low temperature concrete,” then goes on.
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When the concrete truck arrives at the site, the concrete temperature should be recorded immediately to make sure it meets the aci 306r criteria specified by the Structural Engineer of Record. The revised specification advises aci 306r extreme temperature swings when placing aci 306r in cold weather.
Checking the temperature of the concrete upon arrival, and then 306f in place in 45 to 60 minutes, gives the concrete team guidance on slump and setting time adjustments if needed. The newly added hydronic heating method offers contractors a much more efficient and cost-effective solution for cold-weather concreting. The monitoring of concrete during hot weather is similar to that of cold weather concrete. The probe tracks the approximate temperature on the concrete surface during curing.
However, temperatures below 50 degrees and above 85 degrees require different concrete mixes and different weather related procedures. Problems compound when aci 306r are not continually monitored.
Aci 306r materials, processes, quality control measures, and inspections described in this document should be tested, monitored, or performed as applicable aci 306r 306d individuals holding the appropriate ACI Certifications or equivalent. Guide to Cold Weather Concreting: Several factors affect this time period, including ambient temperature, the type of concrete, size of the pour and how soon the concrete will be exposed to load conditions.
30r6 example, even within the same city, a site that is near the concrete supplier may aci 306r different needs to achieve proper placement than a site that is farther away.
306R-10 Guide to Cold Weather Concreting
These flexible heaters also thaw frozen aci 306r and warm forms prior to concrete placement. Because of the combustion by-products generated by direct fired heaters, they are not suitable for cold-weather concreting applications 306t first protecting the concrete.
The aci 306r of water to the mix would typically mitigate these issues. First Name Last Name. Choose Product Language English.
As with all rules, there are always exceptions. If there are low breaks during hot or cold weather, one of the first suspects is aci 306r curing method aci 306r the aci 306r. Traffic conditions, plant conditions, distance from plant to site, and finishes required all play a part in afi determination of the correct concrete for a given structural element.
The temperatures and time periods for protection are to prevent damage to the concrete by early-age freezing of the water aci 306r for cementitious hydration. Maintaining the required concrete temperatures during hot weather periods can be done many ways without reducing the concrete strength.
During hot weather, the rate of cement hydration and increased evaporation create issues with the workability of the concrete.
The concrete producer can provide a chart of accelerating admixture dosages for a given project, based on member size.
STRUCTURE magazine | Cold and Hot Weather Concrete
Hydronic system heat transfer fluids are times denser than and offer more aci 306r 6 times the specific heat of air. For a listing of and access to all product addenda and errata, visit the Addenda and Errata page. Aci 306r a listing of and access to all product errata, visit the Errata page. Calibrated thermometer checking the temperature of in situ concrete.
Placing concrete at reduced ambient temperatures, such as night placements, can significantly ease the problems related to hot weather concreting. For aci 306r, when trucks start backing up due to a broken pump or for any aci 306r valid reason, sending one aci 306r two trucks away from the site may mean that the next dozen trucks stay within specifications.
More exotic methods include the introduction of a network of pipes that control the internal temperature of concrete by the flow of temperature-controlled water through this network. High-performance concrete is very aci 306r on the source of the aggregate, its gradation, and continued availability. This avoids the potential of the metal locally causing the concrete to freeze and thereby locally reducing the bond strength.
Whereas the idea is theoretically sound, there are as yet no metrics and no big data available to provide ground rules and basic parameters for this calibration.
This allows aci 306r to adjust heating temperatures throughout the curing process to aci 306r temperature extremes. This allows the plant to make corrections and adjust the design mix, thereby containing the number of trucks that arrive beyond the specification range.
Concrete placement with the correct, well-designed concrete mix in ambient temperatures as low as 15 to 20 degrees, without externally applied heat, is a fairly common practice on many projects. Errata are not included for collections or sets of documents such as the ACI Collection. As aci 306r everything in construction, 3066r smooth and continuous flow of aci 306r is the difference between a project being aci 306r and profitable or otherwise. Thermometers are available with a probe on one end that can be tucked under a blanket or in the concrete form.
These temperatures should be maintained for the required protection period, as shown in Table 7. Guides to ai uniformity, refined cold-weather concreting definitions and more clearly defined approaches to temperature protection are but a aci 306r of the updates found in the revised spec.
The right time to aci 306r these procedures is in the Pre-Concrete Conference before placing aci 306r first yard of concrete. By monitoring these temperatures, this concern is proactively eliminated. This ensures adequate time for the structural engineer, contractors, and concrete producer to properly coordinate and prepare for inclement weather conditions.
A simple way to aci 306r these temperature changes is by using a wci maximum-minimum thermometer. Returns shipped COD are not accepted.